{math}

{math}

{math} allows the template designer to do math equations in the template. Any numeric template variables may be used in the equations, and the result is printed in place of the tag. The variables used in the equation are passed as parameters, which can be template variables or static values. +, -, /, *, abs, ceil, cos, exp, floor, log, log10, max, min, pi, pow, rand, round, sin, sqrt, srans and tan are all valid operators. Check the PHP documentation for further information on these math functions.

If you supply the special "assign" attribute, the output of the math function will be assigned to this template variable instead of being output to the template.

Attribute NameTypeRequiredDefaultDescription
equationstringYesn/athe equation to execute
formatstringNon/athe format of the result (sprintf)
varnumericYesn/aequation variable value
assignstringNon/atemplate variable the output will be assigned to
[var ...]numericYesn/aequation variable value

Technical Note: {math} is an expensive function in performance due to its use of the php eval() function. Doing the math in PHP is much more efficient, so whenever possible do the math calculations in PHP and assign() the results to the template. Definately avoid repetitive {math} function calls, eg within {section} loops.

Example 8-20. {math}

Example a:

{* $height=4, $width=5 *}

   {math equation="x + y" x=$height y=$width}

The above example will output:

9

Example b:

{* $row_height = 10, $row_width = 20, #col_div# = 2, assigned in template *}

   {math equation="height * width / division"
   height=$row_height
   width=$row_width
   division=#col_div#}

The above example will output:

100

Example c:

{* you can use parenthesis *}

   {math equation="(( x + y ) / z )" x=2 y=10 z=2}

The above example will output:

6

Example d:

{* you can supply a format parameter in sprintf format *}

   {math equation="x + y" x=4.4444 y=5.0000 format="%.2f"}

The above example will output:

9.44
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